Low-temperature readout electronics is essential to suppress various unwanted effects due to the long cable between the measured signal at low temperature and the room-temperature readout electronics: the triboelectric effect, microphonic noise, capacitive coupling noise and data-acquisition rate slow-down.

Specially designed and fabricated cryogenic HEMTs – cryoHEMTs working at 4.2 K or lower for low-frequency cryogenic readout electronics, they facilitate the following accomplishments:

– At certain frequencies, reaching unprecedented low noise current of aA/Hz½ and low noise voltage of sub nV/Hz½;

– Attaining unrivaled readout rates and improve the Signal-to-Noise Ratio;

– Realizing novel experimental observations.

Their implementation has already resulted in the publications of 1 Science; 7 Nature family of journals (see more in “publications”), among them: